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以太坊开发人员提出EIP 2515,建议用“难度冻结”取代“难度炸弹”_LibraNews_服务于区块链创新者

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被称为世界计算机的以太坊从工作量证明(PoW)链转换到权益证明(PoS)的时间比之前预期的要长。由于网络的发展规模,这一点显而易见。然而,转换的过程并不快;开发人员已经提出了几个EIP来改进它。5天前发布的EIP 2515试图用“难度冻结”(Difficulty Freeze)来取代长期存在的“难度炸弹”(Difficulty Bomb)。

以太坊开发人员提出EIP 2515,建议用“难度冻结”取代“难度炸弹”_LibraNews_服务于区块链创新者

图片来源:pixabay

难度炸弹是一种根据区块时间调整以太坊区块链难度的算法。如果一个区块的出块时间高于20秒,它会降低难度;如果出块时间低于10秒,它会增加难度。此外,在这个机制中还有一个被称为“难度炸弹”或“冰河时代”(Ice Age)的附加机制。

冰河时代又称难度炸弹,可以人为地增加以太坊区块链难度。在某种程度上,重定向机制不能适应难度的增加,我们就会看到整个网络的出块时间上升。这样做主要是为了确保难度上升到令矿工失去动力的程度,从而迫使他们转向PoS链。

该Eip的创作者詹姆斯•汉考克(James Hancock)说道:

“难度冻结是一种易于预测和建模的机制,核心开发人员和客户端维护人员更容易感受到失去它的压力。客户端维护人员也被定位为最有能力应对即将到来的难度冻结的群体。”

EIP 2515提议使用“难度冻结”替换“难度炸弹”,主要由于最近硬分叉“缪尔冰川”(Muir Glacier)所面临的问题。汉考克解释道,EIP背后的动机是简单地消除“难度炸弹”的复杂模型,该模型在意想不到的时间出现,造成了技术困难,对矿工造成了负面影响。

这一新的EIP如果被实现,将简化区块时间重定向机制。汉考克还提到了该EIP可能产生影响的一些安全考虑因素。然而,并不是每个人都对该新的EIP感到满意,有一些批评倾向于旧的方式。以太坊开发人员、QuickBlocks.io所有者托马斯•J•拉什(Thomas J. Rush)说道:

“EIP 2515将会鼓励包括核心开发者在内的‘用户’去修复这个颠倒的问题。普通用户认为更快的出块时间会更好。矿工们也这样认为,因为更快的出块时间意味着更多的区块奖励。每个人都会犹豫是否要解决一个会使出块时间变长的问题。”

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