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电子证照上链 北京两地区块链证照同期落地|新冠肺炎_LibraNews_LibraNews网

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  来源:火鸟财经 

  数据材料可共享,业务办理减成本,链上流程省时间……这一切,只需要一份“区块链电子证照”即可完成。

  4月7日,北京市顺义区政务服务局推出了“区块链+电子证照”应用,通过区块链技术简化业务办理流程,让群众和企业办事更便捷。

  北京区块链电子证照下沉应用

  4月7日,北京市人民政府在其官网表示:顺义区政务服务局在已搭建完成的综窗系统基础上,逐一梳理镇街高频事项,并选取牛栏山镇、李桥镇、光明街道等5个属地为试点,推进身份证、结婚证等六类电子证照下沉镇街应用,居民办理社保卡补领、城乡居民养老保险参保登记等19个镇街高频事项时无需携带六类证照原件及复印件。同时,计划于4月在各镇街全面铺开。

  无独有偶,就在近日,北京东城官方也发布消息称,北京市电子证照区块链试点第一批应用落户东城区。首批试点推出身份证、户口本、居住证、驾驶证、结婚证、离婚证、营业执照等7类高频电子证照应用,涉及14个委办局的168项法人事项均可应用电子营业执照。使用电子证照的操作流程也相当简单。只要通过支付宝App上的“北京通”小程序即可完成,而个人事项和法人事项则分别通过刷脸方式和输入验证码授权。相关人员介绍,从办事人授权使用电子证照开始,之后的确认、签字、拍照等环节信息都会存储到区块链上,不可篡改且可追溯,而且在“授权记录”中可以随时随地查询授权时间、事项和证照类型信息,并可在使用后随时解绑。

  据了解,除了顺义区、东城区外,3月26日,北京市西城区也在政务服务领域启用区块链试点,市民只要通过刷脸即可提取身份证电子证照。

电子证照上链 北京两地区块链证照同期落地|新冠肺炎_LibraNews_LibraNews网

  证照上链改变了什么

  作为具有法律效力和行政效力的专业性、凭证类电子文件,电子证照也逐渐成为市场主体及公民办事的主要电子凭证,但由于其还处于起步阶段,在数据存储、数据管理、数据共享及安全管控方面也存在一定问题。

  一方面,由于各行各业证照数据庞大,传统纸质证照极易发生错误,且跨部门间的数据更新频率不同,也易导致电子证照数据的真实性和实时性无法得到有效保障;另一方面,当前数字证书与电子签章并未有统一标准,各系统间难以进行统一,各部门间的数据共享程度也极低,致使电子证照信息难以全面归集、快速检索和开放共享。

  作为可以保存所有历史数据的区块链,或能有效应对电子证照带来的难题。

  有专家分析,通过区块链技术,可将证照信息拆分为索引信息和证照详细信息,分别放在索引链和信息链上,实现快速检索,并通过区块链的可追溯性和共识机制,在不同数据领域建立真正的权威数据,解决电子证照数据质量差的问题;同时,基于区块链技术的不对称加密防篡改、可追溯的特点,每份证照都会被单独加密且有有独立的解密私钥,防止信息泄露,而依托于区块链技术的分布式账本特点,数据可分散存储在网络中各个部门的数据库中,保障了数据安全性;此外,基于区块链,电子证照不仅可以互通互用,还可降低政府数据开放的运行成本,从而解决电子证照汇聚共享难的问题。

电子证照上链 北京两地区块链证照同期落地|新冠肺炎_LibraNews_LibraNews网

  采用“区块链+电子证照”,北京并非先驱。早在去年12月9日,深圳就推出了“i深圳”区块链电子证件照应用平台,现已实现线下办事窗口授权用证上链全市全覆盖。随着24类常用电子证照数据上链,市民办事无需携带实体证件,也无需提交复印件,真正实现办事少跑腿。

  “在电子证照应用中引入区块链技术,借助区块链的多中心化同步记账、身份认证、数据加密等特征,确保了电子证照信息可信任且可追溯,增强电子证照的安全性与可信度,提高办事效率。同时拓展了电子证照的应用场景,推进了政务服务便利化。”深圳市政务服务数据管理局局长刘佳晨表示。

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